This article is about top agriculture technologies and their uses. The world at large is growing and advancing greatly in terms of technology. Technology instances can be picked in almost all spheres and agriculture is not left out. This means that the use of technology in agriculture is advancing also. Agricultural technologies also known as agrotechnology is simply defined as the use of technology in the practice of agriculture in order to improve the conditions of farming.
The use of technology and advanced techniques in agriculture can be in animal farming, in horticulture, agriculture or aquaculture. With the growth of Agriculture, the use of technology and advanced techniques in agriculture becomes important and pressing.
For example, one who has a very big farm would not be expected to manage all the labor work all by himself and to save consistent cost of employing labor workers, one is advised to get involved in agricultural technology.
There are various machines that have been invented and put in place to help improve the conditions of agriculture. Agricultural technology, though, expensive, increases the grounds an agriculturist covers. That is, it helps to increase work hours and labor hands in one’s farm land.
For example, one who uses a harvester has the opportunity of harvesting more produce in a day compared to one who uses manual laborer.
It is however noteworthy that the use of agricultural technology is not only the use of machineries only. The technology also may mean the use of modern techniques to improve the quality of agriculture.
Types of Agriculture Technologies and their uses
1. Planters: This is used in planting of seeds.
2. Plough: A plough is used for loosening the soil before planting. With this, the soil is refreshed as the fresh soil with good nutrients appears on the surface of the soil.
3. Tractor: this is a mobile machine the allows other implements to be attached and used with ease in mobility.
4. Tillers: this is synonymously understood as cultivators by some farmers. It helps to till the ground and make it ready for plantation. It is sometimes used to remove weeds from plants.
5. Harvester: used to harvest farm produce6. Sprayer; this is used to spray either water, fertilizer or some other chemicals in farmland.
6. ATV/ UTV: meaning All Terrain Vehicle or utility task vehicle. It is used to make movements as well, in the farm. It is easier to move/drive because it’s portable.
AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGIES AND THEIR TECHNIQUES
For the better experience of agricultural technology, there are many innovative techniques in agriculture that has been put to practice as the world moves on. Some these innovations are;
1. Planting without ridges
Some planters plant without ridges simply with the use of big and thick nylons. They fill it up with soil that’d be enough to accommodate the plant they want and they grow their plant in it. For example, a big nylon can be filled with good and sufficient loamy to plant yam. The yam grows in it conveniently.
2. Vertical farming
This is the act of planting on vertically inclined surfaces. This act helps to reduce the usage of late farmland and also helps to increase security. Plantation is done in mainly an enclosed area where the planter uses the artificial means to provide for the natural needs of the plants. This is possible with the use of Controlled Environment Agriculture.(CEA).
There is the artificial control of temperature, sunlight, rainfall and other natural environmental needs because there’s little or no usage of the natural soil. The main purpose of vertical farming is to boost farm produce with the usage of smaller farmland.
The vertical farming can be highly advantageous in the sense that it produces more crops easily, even with less stress. It is also a way of preparing for the future in the sense that the world is increasing speedily and there would be less land more need to grow crops in the near future. However, the vertical farming has its disadvantages.
Disadvantages of Vertical Farming includes;
a. It is very expensive to run. It requires lots of spending. Thus, it can’t be easily run where there is no sufficient fund.
c. Pollination would be costly and may be difficult as well.
3. It involves the use of technology sophisticated technology which may be difficult to acquire in some areas.
3. THE USE OF POLYHOUSE
This is a tunnel which the building has it tunnel made of steel and covered polythene. The playhouse can be used to grow vegetables and fruits. The humidity and ventilation is controlled or sometimes, the natural ventilation is used.
4. THE USE OF DRONES AND BEES
Earlier, bees are confirmed to be good pollinators alongside bats and some other animals. Ever since the reduction in size of these animals, the invention of drones has been in existence. Drones can be used to pollinate, to fertilize and also to water plants. So it’s a top part of sustainable agriculture technologies.
This plays a major role in agriculture technologies. The use of robot helps to reduce intensive labor. Tasks that humans do, eg planting and harvesting are carried out by robots.
In summary, the practice of agriculture has gone beyond what it was in decades ago. Agriculture is has now been grown technically. Thus, anyone who intends to go into agriculture should have a new mindset and be prepared to learn more about the new innovations and technological advancement in agriculture.