One of the easiest, untapped markets in the Agricultural industry is that of Groundnut cultivation. Unlike before, the market supply of Groundnut has extremely gone down.
The unique characteristics of this give a huge factor to the reason it should never be forgotten. However, many do not value the necessity of Groundnuts. Farmers and investors do not get to learn how profitable groundnut the business can be.
Groundnuts belong to multiple classes and serve many purposes. It is mostly placed under the leguminous crops. It can also be cultivated as an oil crop or better still a pulse or protein crop. Its diverse purpose has even made it easier to be very adaptable to any class.
If you don’t know, groundnuts contain 18% carbohydrate, 40-55% oil and 30% protein. This means it can help in growth, strengthening of tissues and even give a lot of energy to the body.
Apart from that, many companies are well known for using groundnut as their raw materials for products like groundnut cake, groundnut oil, groundnut butter and so on.
That being said, many people still want to get into certain parts of agriculture but are having a certain setback of capital, land, knowledge and so on.
This is the reason we will be bringing the details of this crop. Fortunately, with a very small capital, you can start the cultivation of Groundnuts.
Simple Steps To Starting A Groundnut Cultivation Business
After you have planned your site and location, you can follow these steps to start your own groundnut business:
Land Preparation For Groundnut Cultivation
Land preparation is made up of clearing and organizing the land for a kind of crop. In the place of a Groundnut, the land preparation involves clearing and stumping mainly. Also, there is a mechanical option of ploughing, ploughing and ridging the soil as well.
A perfect site for Groundnut Cultivation
Although you might have chosen your site in a place where you have your land located. But there are just important things to think of to perfect an adequate site for your product.
Firstly, you have to think of the kind of species that will have the highest yield on your site. In Africa, mainly Nigeria, there are these Bunch or erect type, creeping type, Kano local, Kano 50. Also, there are many others to talk about as well but the most popular is this.
This site of a Groundnut farm requires an adequate amount of climatic requirements. The rainfall proportion should be between 70 – 100cm per annum. Similarly, groundnut required a required temperature e of 25° C – 30°C.
Furthermore, the soil requirements of groundnut are very important to note. Groundnut requires a required sandy-loam light high humus soil and a PH range of 5-7. The soil should be rich in humus, calcium, nitrogen and phosphorus for the sufficient development of the groundnut pod.
Planting Operations for Groundnut Cultivation
Once you have a good site and adequate, the next step is to go for a balanced propagation method. The planting of Groundnut should fall between the beginning of the rainy season, normally May/June Period.
Also, the seeds of the groundnut should have a sectioned seed rate per hole. Well, two to three seeds per hole are enough. create that it should be spaced adequately to prevent the competition that might happen later on.
Post Planting Operation for Groundnut Cultivation
Post planting operations are very important to state yan field in the planting of crops. These post-planting operations weeding, fertilizer application, application of organic manure and so many other applications.
You should weed the plants to avoid competition and shortage during harvest. Application of fertilizers improves the productivity of these groundnuts later on. Control the pest and diseases which can worsen any issue regarding the crops.
Harvesting Period for Groundnut Cultivation
Groundnut matures within four to six months depending on the factors surrounding its growth. Immediately the lower leaves start to fall off, then the time to harvest has come. You can harvest with hoes or machines depending on your style of cultivation.
Uproot the groundnut crop and allow it to dry, thereafter you should remove the seeds from the pod. The seeds can be removed by a decorticating machine or better a manual shelling with the hands.
If you want your ground nuts for later use. You can store in a rhumbit us, A Rhombus Sacks and bags.