Incubation in Poultry Farming – 2 Types

Incubation in Poultry Farming
Incubation in Poultry Farming

Incubation is the process of effective usage of fertilizer eggs. This is the process of providing, rearing, culturing and enriching fertilizer eggs in the best available conditions. One of the main products of poultry birds is the egg. 

When eggs are laid, we accept healthy chicks. Healthy chicks must be hatched from healthy eggs. This is the reason incubation is very important for chicks to have a healthy lifestyle and a profitable development process.

This article is going to be about the full procedure required for hatching eggs from poultry animals, that is, the incubation in poultry farming. The types and conditions necessary for success.

Types of Incubation in Poultry Farming

There are different kinds of incubation depending on the factors and the available equipment. Just understand your situation as it will be explained below and you can make use of your ration method. The main two types of incubation will be explained below.

1. Natural incubation in Poultry Farming

Natural incubation in poultry farming is the process of hatching eggs without the use of machines. The traditional way of hatching eggs is incorporated here. Such that the egg will be left alone to hatch itself instead of placing it in an incubator. 

In this process, the hen lays its eggs until it becomes broody enough. Most poultry birds lay an average of 15 eggs before becoming broody and deciding not to lay eggs for the time being. After it has decided not to eggs anymore, the hen will have to sit on the eggs to provide heat and other important factors for the hatching of the egg. This is the reason you will notice hens digging the ground, laying their eggs there and then sitting on it for a while. So, this is the main process of the natural incubation of eggs.  

The main advantage of Natural incubation in poultry farming is that it is done naturally by the hen. The hen itself understands the condition of the eggs and will want to provide the number of factors needed to help the eggs survive. On the other hand, with a limited number of eggs incubated you would not try this process. This is because the hen would only be in charge of a low number of eggs at the same time. Also, if this is for a company or farmers income, the wasted eggs will not be monitored easily therefore fluctuations in production.

2. Artificial Incubation in Poultry Farming

Since we are already aware of the Natural incubation in poultry farming , then the artificial incubation in poultry farming process should not look too new. This has the advantage of a high number of hatched eggs to the natural incubation done by eggs. Here you don’t need the hen to do anything, it is just for the farmer and the machine called incubator to do their work very well.

The eggs are arranged in the incubator. The artificial incubation in poultry farming provides all the sufficient factors for the eggs to hatch well broods are achieved. A large number of eggs are incubated. Once you buy the incubator, you are good to go with artificial incubation. Even the yield you will get back from this will be extremely more than the one from traditional farming. You can hatch as many eggs as you need within days, even 1000, 2000 eggs will hatch within days. 

luke syres mOMhEC47T8s unsplash
Picture Credit: Luke Syres 

Conditions Necessary For High Yields Of Incubated Eggs in Poultry Farming


The required temperature for farmers or commercial industries when it comes to incubation in poultry farming are somehow above the normal room temperature. Maybe this is the reason, these hens stay on them so they can have a higher temperature between 37•C to 39•C.


These animals also require adequate circulation of air. They use oxygen to breed as well and there should be effective ventilation amongst them. This will be like an assurance that the new chicks are going to stay in a more abundant and space area. Another feature you should look out for in hens and the reason they can lay too many eggs is this.

Relative Humidity:

They don’t need to be cold or to be in the rain but they should enjoy an adequate amount of atmospheric moisture as they are enjoying the air around them. They should not get cold or hot from an environment. Just know they are very safe in conditions with 50 to 60 per cent humidity in their first 17 days and finally 75 per cent in the remaining days before they are hatched.

Egg Turning:

When one side of the egg is suffering from part of these factors, then it should be turned to where the factor is very abundant. This is one of the things provided by hens that sit on eggs. Even, the lack of turning eggs during incubation might lead to the poor development of the chicks. The eggs should be turned about 6 to 8 times every day so that all the adequate elements are passed on within all parts of the eggs.  

Positioning of eggs:

Eggs should be positioned appropriately in incubators or they might not yield at all. A large part of the eggs is placed downward for good am healthy productivity. It is not like doing this either way would not allow the egg to yield very well but it is definitely unlike leaving the eggs to yield themselves. 

Process of hatching eggs during incubation

There are 3 steps required to get the best result from hatched eggs from incubation in poultry farming. The three are testing for fertility, ensuring uniformity of hatching and the post matching operation.

Testing For Fertility:

Candling is a machine used to detect infertile eggs after 7 days of incubation. Two candles are done within these 7 days. In the first handling, the dead embryos are noticed and removed. In the second handling process, you check out if the live embryos will have a full life. Here the embryos fill the whole egg and it doesn’t look empty or having some free sides.

Uniformity of hatching:

Here all you need to look for is a way to hatch all the eggs at the same time to monitor any process involved in them. You should always make sure that you set the eggs in the incubator at the same time and monitor everything accordingly. All the other operations like candling and adequate factors must be well monitored as well.

Post hatching operations:

Below are the post-plating operations when it comes to incubation in poultry farming.

  • Drying of the new chicks
  • Sorting out abnormal chicks
  • Looking out for the sex of the chicks 
  • Finally, the healthy chicks should be checked as well.

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About the author


Israel Otoijamun is the founder of Ofarms.Co and PrintLab Studio.

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